The Good News According to Matthew
An Essential English Translation and Revision by Bradley Bell
Main text adapted from the World English Bible
This is the genealogy or family tree of the long awaited Saviour of the world, Jesus, who is the Christ, the Messiah and anointed one of God, a descendant of the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham was the father of Isaac. Isaac was the father of Jacob. Jacob was the father of Judah and his brothers. Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar. Perez was the father of Hezron. Hezron was the father of Ram. Ram was the father of Amminadab. Amminadab was the father of Nahshon. Nahshon was the father of Salmon. Salmon was the father of Boaz by Rahab. Boaz was the father of Obed by Ruth. Obed was the father of Jesse. Jesse was the father of King David. David was the father of Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah. Solomon was the father of Rehoboam. Rehoboam was the father of Abijah. Abijah was the father of Asa. Asa was the father of Jehoshaphat. Jehoshaphat was the father of Joram. Joram was the father of Uzziah. Uzziah was the father of Jotham. Jotham was the father of Ahaz. Ahaz was the father of Hezekiah. Hezekiah was the father of Manasseh. Manasseh was the father of Amon. Amon was the father of Josiah. Josiah was the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the exile to Babylon. After the exile to Babylon, Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel. Shealtiel was the father of Zerubbabel. Zerubbabel was the father of Abiud. Abiud was the father of Eliakim. Eliakim was the father of Azor. Azor was the father of Zadok. Zadok was the father of Achim. Achim was the father of Eliud. Eliud was the father of Eleazar. Eleazar was the father of Matthan. Matthan was the father of Jacob. Jacob was the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, from whom was born Jesus, whose name means ‘God Saves’ and who is called the Christ, the Messiah and anointed one of God. So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; from David to the exile to Babylon fourteen generations; and from the exile in Babylon to the Saviour (Jesus), fourteen generations.
(The English name Jesus is derived from the Latin Iesus, a transliteration of the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Iēsoûs). The Greek form is a rendering of the Hebrew ישוע (Yeshua), a variant of the earlier name יהושע (Yehoshua), or in English, "Joshua", meaning "Yah saves", or “God Saves”.)
Now the birth of the Saviour, Jesus was like this; for after his mother, Mary, was engaged to Joseph, before they came together, she was found to be pregnant by the inexplicable working of God’s Holy Spirit. Now Joseph, her husband, was a man accustomed to doing the right thing, and was not willing to make her a public example, so he intended to put her away secretly. But when he thought about these things, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of God’s Holy Spirit. She shall bring forth a son and you shall call his name Saviour, for it is he who shall save his people from their sins.” (Or transgressions, offences, wrong-doing, or misdeeds against divine law.)
Now all this has happened, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying,
“Behold, the virgin shall be with child,
and shall bring forth a son.
They shall call his name Immanuel”;
which is, being interpreted, “God with us.” (Isaiah 7:14)
Then Joseph arose from his sleep, and did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took Mary home to to be his wife while keeping her chastity. Now In the fullness of her term she brought forth her firstborn son and Joseph named him Saviour.
Now when Jesus the Saviour was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of King Herod, wise men from the east came to Jerusalem, saying, “Where is he who is born King of the Jews? For we saw his star in the east, and have come to worship him.” When King Herod heard it, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he asked them where the Messiah would be born. They said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for this is written through the prophet,
‘You Bethlehem, land of Judah,
are in no way least among the princes of Judah:
for out of you shall come forth a leader,
who shall shepherd my people, Israel.’” (Micah 5:2)
Then Herod secretly called the wise men, and learnt from them exactly what time the star appeared. He sent them to Bethlehem, and said, “Go and search diligently for the young child. When you have found him, bring me word, so that I also may come and worship him.” (The word for “wise men” ‘magoi’ meant an (Oriental) astrologer at the time, and by implication a magician, sorcerer, or wizard.)
They, having heard the king, went their way; and the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, until it came and stood over where the young child was. When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy. They came into the house and saw the young child with Mary, his mother, and they fell down and worshipped him. Opening their treasures, they offered to him gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Being warned in a dream that they shouldn’t return to Herod, they went back to their own country another way.
Now when they had departed, an angel (ággelos; a messenger or delegate) of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and stay there until I tell you, for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.” (Angel or “angelos” from the Greek is the New Testaments default translation of the Biblical Hebrew term malʼākh, denoting simply "messenger") He arose and took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt, and was there until the death of Herod; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called my son.” (Hosea 11:1)
(The English word prophet is a compound Greek word, from pro (in advance) and the verb phesein (to tell); thus, a ‘prophétés’ is someone who foretells future events, and conveys essential messages from the divine. In Hebrew, the word נָבִיא (nāvî), "spokesperson", traditionally translates as "prophet")
Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked by the wise men, was exceedingly angry, and sent out, and killed all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all the surrounding countryside, from two years old and under, according to the exact time which he had learnt from the wise men. Then that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
“A voice was heard in Ramah,
lamentation, weeping and great mourning,
Rachel weeping for her children;
she wouldn’t be comforted,
because they are no more.” (Jeremiah 31:15)
But when Herod was dead, a messenger of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying, “Arise and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel, for those who sought the young child’s life are dead.”
He arose and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel. But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in the place of his father, Herod, he was afraid to go there. Being warned in a dream, he withdrew into the region of Galilee, and came and lived in a city called Nazareth; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophets: “He will be called a Nazarene.” 2
In those days, John the Baptiser came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea,
(The Greek name for John; Iōánnēs (Ἰωάννης), was originally transliterated from the Hebrew name Yohanan (יוֹחָנָן), which means "Graced by Yah", or Yehohanan (יְהוֹחָנָן), "Yahweh is Gracious")
(Baptise or in Greek baptismos, the word carries the meaning, ‘to dip’ or ‘immerse’ and is a term for ritual washing in the Greek language texts of Hellenistic Judaism during the Second Temple period. This noun is derived from the verb baptizō - "I wash" transitive verb), which is used in Jewish texts and the New Testament, for ritual washing.)
saying, “Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand!” For this is he who was spoken of by Isaiah the prophet, saying,
“The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
make ready the way of the Lord.
Make his paths straight.” (Isaiah 40:3)
(Repent or Greek - metanoéō, to repent, literally means, "to think differently after a change of mind". It also means a change of heart toward sin, the world, and God; an inner change that gives rise to new ways of living that exalt Christ, the Saviour. Sincere repentance is manifested when the same temptation to sin or wrongdoing, under the same conditions, is ever after resolutely resisted.)
Now John himself wore clothing made of camel’s hair, with a leather belt around his waist. His food was locusts and wild honey. Then people from Jerusalem, all of Judea, and all the region around the Jordan went out to him. They were immersed by him in the Jordan, confessing their sins. But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to repent of their sins by the ritual of washing by immersion, he said to them,
(Pharisees believe in life after death and in the coming of the Messiah. The Sadducees did not believe in a coming messiah, and held that man has freedom of will, and creates his own circumstances. They also did not believe that man would experience resurrection after physical death.)
“You offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Therefore bring forth fruit worthy of repentance! Don’t think to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father,’ for I tell you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones.
(What John is saying to the Pharisees and Sadducees is that they are descendants of the serpent which, of course, represented the devil, or satan. The original Greek of the key phrase "offspring of vipers" is γεννημα εχιδνων which also occurs in Matthew 12:34).
“Even now the axe lies at the root of the trees. Therefore every tree that doesn’t bring forth good fruit is cut down, and cast into the fire. I indeed baptise, (or dip, or immerse, or ceremoniously wash) you in water for repentance, but he who comes after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to carry. He will immerse you in the Holy Spirit. His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse (or purge), his threshing floor. He will gather his wheat into the barn, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.”
Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be ritually washed (or baptised) by him. But John would have hindered him, saying, “I need to be washed by you, and you come to me?”
But Jesus, answering, said to him, “Allow it now, for this is the fitting way for us to fulfil all righteousness.” Then he allowed him. Jesus, when he was baptised, went up directly from the water: and behold, the heavens were opened to him. He saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming on him. Behold, a voice out of the heavens said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”
Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. When he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was hungry afterward. The tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
But he answered, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.’” (Deuteronomy 8:3)
Then the devil took him into the holy city. He set him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, ‘He will put his angels in charge of you.’ and,
‘On their hands they will bear you up,
so that you don’t dash your foot against
a stone.’” (Psalm 91:11-12)
Jesus said to him, “Again, it is written, ‘You shall not test the Lord, your God.’” (Deuteronomy 6:16)
Again, the devil took him to an exceedingly high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and their glory. He said to him, “I will give you all of these things, if you will fall down and worship me.”
Then Jesus said to him, “Get behind me Satan! (Or Go away satan!) For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and you shall serve him only.’” (Deuteronomy 6:13)
Then the devil left him, and angels (angelos; agents, or messengers of God) came and served (diakoneó: to serve, minister to) him. Now when Jesus heard that John was thrown into prison, he withdrew into Galilee. Leaving Nazareth, he came and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying,
“The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,
toward the sea, beyond the Jordan,
Galilee of the Gentiles,
the people who sat in darkness saw a great light,
to those who sat in the region and shadow of death,
to them light has dawned.” (Isaiah 9:1-2)
From that time, Jesus began to preach, and to say, “Repent! (Turn away from your sins!) For the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand.”
Walking by the sea of Galilee, Jesus saw two brothers: Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew, his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen. He said to them, “Come follow me, and I will make you fishers for men.”
They immediately left their nets and followed him. Going on from there, he saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets. He called them. They immediately left the boat and their father, and followed him.
Jesus went about in all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the Good News of the Kingdom, and healing every disease and every sickness among the people. The report about him went out into all Syria. They brought to him all who were sick, afflicted with various diseases and torments, possessed with demons, epileptics, and paralytics; and he healed them. Great multitudes from Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea and from beyond the Jordan followed him.
Seeing the multitudes, he went up onto the mountain. When he had sat down, his disciples came to him. He opened his mouth and taught them, saying,
“Blessed (or happy) are the poor in spirit,
for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven. (Isaiah 57:15; 66:2)
Blessed are those who mourn,
for they shall be comforted. (Isaiah 61:2; 66:10,13)
Blessed are the gentle,
for they shall inherit the earth. (or, land. Psalm 37:11)
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst after righteousness,
for they shall be filled.
Blessed are the merciful,
for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart,
for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers,
for they shall be called children of God.
Blessed are those who have been persecuted for righteousness’ sake,
for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
(Word origin of blessed; from greek - makar (happy). Definition; blessed, happy)
“Blessed are you when people reproach you, persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven. For that is how they persecuted the prophets (or, the authentic spokespersons of the Lord) who were before you.
“You are the salt of the earth, but if the salt has lost its flavour, with what will it be salted? It is then good for nothing, but to be cast out and trodden under the feet of men. You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill can’t be hidden. Neither do you light a lamp, and put it under a measuring basket, but on a stand; and it shines to all who are in the house. Even so, let your light shine before men; that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.
“Don’t think that I came to destroy the law or the prophets. I didn’t come to destroy, but to fulfil. For most certainly, I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not even one smallest letter (literally, iota - the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet) or one tiny pen stroke (serif; a smaller line used to finish off a main stroke of a letter,) shall in any way pass away from the law, until all things are accomplished. Whoever, therefore, shall break one of these least commandments, and teach others to do so, shall be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven; but whoever shall do and teach them shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. For I tell you that unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, there is no way you will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
“You have heard that it was said by the ancient ones, ‘You shall not murder;’ (Exodus 20:13) and ‘Whoever shall murder shall be in danger of the judgement.’ But I tell you, that everyone who is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgement; and whoever shall say to his brother, ‘Raca! (“Raca” is an Aramaic insult, related to the word for “empty” and conveying the idea of empty-headedness.’) shall be in danger of the council; and whoever shall say, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of the fire of Gehenna (Hell).
“If therefore you are offering your gift at the altar, (a raised platform used for religious sacrifices), and there remember that your brother has anything against you, leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. Agree with your adversary quickly, while you are with him on the way; lest perhaps the prosecutor deliver you to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the officer, and you be cast into prison. Most certainly I tell you, you shall by no means get out of there, until you have paid the last penny. (kodrantes; a small copper coin worth about 2 lepta or widow’s mites)
“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery;’ (Exodus 20:14) but I tell you that everyone who gazes at a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart. If your right eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna (Hell). If your right hand causes you to stumble, (skandalízō – literally, "to fall into a trap") cut it off, and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna (Hell).
“It was also said, ‘Whoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorce,’ (Deuteronomy 24:1) but I tell you that whoever puts away his wife, except for the cause of sexual immorality, makes her an adulteress; and whoever marries her when she is put away commits adultery.
“Again you have heard that it was said to them of old time, ‘You shall not make false vows, but shall perform to the Lord your vows,’ but I tell you, don’t swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is the throne of God; nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. Neither shall you swear by your head, for you can’t make one hair white or black. But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes’ and your ‘No’ be ‘No.’ Whatever is more than these comes from evil.
“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ (Exodus 21:24; Leviticus 24:20; Deuteronomy 19:21) But I tell you, don’t resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. If anyone sues you to take away your coat, let him have your cloak also. Whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two. Give to him who asks you, and don’t turn away him who desires to borrow from you.
“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbour, (Leviticus 19:18) and hate your enemy. (Not in the Bible, but see Qumran Manual of Discipline Ix, 21-26’) But I tell you, love your enemies, bless (eulogeó; to speak well of, praise) those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who mistreat you and persecute you, that you may be children (huios; a son, or descendant) of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun to rise on the evil (ponéros; bad, wicked, malicious, slothful) and the good, and sends rain on the just and the unjust. For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Don’t even the tax collectors do the same? If you only greet your friends, what more do you do than others? Don’t even the tax collectors (or gentiles) do the same? Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect.
“Be careful that you don’t do your charitable giving before men, to be seen by them, or else you will have no reward from your Father who is in heaven. Therefore when you do acts of charity, don’t sound a trumpet before yourself, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may receive glory from men. Most certainly (amēn) I tell you, they have received their reward. But when you do charitable acts, don’t let your left hand know what your right hand does, so that your merciful (or charitable) deeds may be private, then your Father who sees what you do in secret will reward you openly.
“So when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites, for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and on the street corners, that they may be seen by men. Truly, I tell you, they have received their reward. But you, when you pray, enter into your inner room (tameion; closet, storeroom), and shut the door, then pray to your Father in secret, and your Father who sees your private prayer will reward you openly. In praying therefore, don’t use vain repetitions, as the Gentiles (pagans, heathens, non-Jews) do; for they think that they will be heard for their much speaking. Therefore don’t be like them, for God your Father knows what things you need, before you ask him. Pray (ask, will, wish) then like this:
‘Our Father in heaven, may your name (greek; ὄνομάor (onoma), name, character, fame, reputation) be kept holy. (Hagiasthētō: From hagios; to make holy, i.e. purify or consecrate; to venerate or set apart) Let your Kingdom (basileía; power, authority, rule, realm) come. Just as your will is done in heaven, so let it be done on earth. Give us today our daily (epioúsios; necessary, from ‘epí’ - upon, fitting, and ‘ousía’ - being, substance) bread. Forgive us our sins, like we also forgive those who have sinned against us. Bring us not to temptation, but deliver us from the evil (pónos; pain, laborious trouble, the inevitable agonies or misery that always accompanies evil). Because the Kingdom, the power, and the glory is yours forever. Amen (So let it be).
“For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you don’t forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. (The original greek word for Trespasses is Paraptōmata: A falling away, lapse, slip, false step, trespass, sin. From parapipto; a side-slip, i.e. error or transgression.)
“Moreover when you fast, don’t be like the hypocrites, with sad faces. For they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen by men to be fasting. Most certainly I tell you, they have received their reward. But you, when you fast, anoint your head (with oil), and wash your face; so that you are not seen by men to be fasting, but by your Father who is in secret, and your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you.
“Don’t lay up treasures for yourselves on the earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal; but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust can destroy, and where thieves don’t break in and steal; for where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
“The lamp of the body is the eye. If therefore your eye is sound, (healthy, good or clear), your whole body will be full of light. But if your eye is evil, (or bad) your whole body will be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!
“No one can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other; or else he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You can’t serve both God and Mammon. (mammōnás; riches, money, possessions, property) Therefore I tell you, don’t be anxious for your life: what you will eat, or what you will drink; nor yet for your body, what you will wear. Isn’t life more than food, and the body more than clothing? See the birds of the sky, that they don’t sow, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns. Your heavenly Father feeds them. Aren’t you of much more value than they?
“Which of you, by being anxious, can add one moment to his lifespan? Why are you anxious about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow. They don’t toil, neither do they spin, yet I tell you that even Solomon in all his glory was not dressed like one of these. But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, won’t he much more clothe you. O you of little faith? (or lacking confidence)
“Therefore don’t be anxious, saying, ‘What will we eat?’, ‘What will we drink?’ or, ‘With what will we be clothed?’ For the Gentiles seek after all these things; for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. But seek first God’s Kingdom, and his righteousness; (equity, justification) and all these things will be given to you as well. Therefore don’t be anxious for tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Each day’s own evil (or trouble) is sufficient.
“Don’t judge, so that you won’t be judged. For with whatever judgement you judge, you will be judged; (krínō, "to distinguish, judge, condemn or damn") and with whatever measure you measure, it will be measured to you. Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but don’t consider the beam that is in your own eye? Or how will you tell your brother, ‘Let me remove the speck from your eye;’ and look, a beam is in your own eye? You hypocrite! First remove the beam out of your own eye, and then you can see clearly to remove the speck out of your brother’s eye.
“Don’t give that which is holy (hagion: Set apart by (or for) God, holy, sacred. From hagos; sacred) to the dogs, neither throw your pearls before the pigs, lest perhaps they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.
“Ask, and it will be given you. Seek, and you will find. Knock, and it will be opened for you. For everyone who asks receives. He who seeks finds. To him who knocks it will be opened. Or who is there among you, who, if his son asks him for bread, will give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish, who will give him a serpent? If you then, being evil, (bad, wicked, malicious), know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him! Therefore whatever you want men to do to you, do it to them; for this is the law and the prophets.
“Enter in by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter in by it. But narrow is the gate, and restricted is the way that leads to life! Few are those who find it.
“Beware of false (fake; not what it appears to be) prophets, (pseudoprophētōn: From pseudes and prophetes; a spurious person pretending to speak under divine inspiration. A pretender, or religious impostor) who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravening wolves. By their fruits you will know them. Do you gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles? Even so, every good tree produces good fruit; but the corrupt (sapros; rotten, worthless, corrupt, depraved) tree produces evil fruit. A good tree can’t produce evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree produce good fruit. Every tree that doesn’t grow good fruit is cut down, and thrown into the fire. Therefore by their fruits you will know them. Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven; but he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. Many will tell me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, didn’t we prophesy (prophēteusamen - from prophetes; to foretell events, to speak under divine inspiration) in your name, in your name cast out demons, (daimónion; an evil spirit, a demon or spirit of a fallen angel) and in your name do many mighty works? (or miracles) Then I will tell them, ‘I never knew you. Depart from me, you who work iniquity.’ (lawlessness, iniquity, disobedience, sin)
“Everyone therefore who hears these words (lógos; a word, or saying) of mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise (phronimō; intelligent, insightful, prudent, sensible - from phren; thoughtful, i.e. sagacious or discreet) man, who built his house on a rock. The rain came down, the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it didn’t fall, for it was founded on the rock. Everyone who hears these words of mine, and doesn’t do them will be like a foolish (móros; dull, stupid) man, who built his house on the sand. The rain came down, the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it fell—and great was its fall.”
It happened, when Jesus had finished saying these things, that the crowds were amazed at his teaching, for he taught them with authority, and not like the scribes.
When he came down from the mountain, huge crowds followed him. Then a leper came to him and worshipped (or bowed down before) him, saying, “Lord, if you want to, you can make me clean.” (katharízō – make pure ‘clean’ - remove all intermingling of dirt).
Jesus stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, “I want to. Be made clean.” Immediately his leprosy was cleansed. Jesus said to him, “See that you tell nobody, but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.”
When he came into Capernaum, a centurion (Captain of 100 in the Roman Army) came to him, asking him, and saying, “Lord, my servant lies in the house, paralysed and grievously tormented.”
Jesus said to him, “I will come and heal him.”
The centurion answered, “Lord, I’m not worthy for you to come under my roof. Just say the word, and my servant will be healed. For I am also a man under authority, having under myself soldiers. I tell this one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and tell another, ‘Come,’ and he comes; and tell my servant, or slave, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”
When Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and said to those who followed, “Most certainly I tell you, I haven’t found so great a faith, not even in Israel. I tell you that many will come from the east and the west, and will sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the Kingdom of Heaven, but the children of the Kingdom will be thrown out into the outer darkness. There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” Jesus said to the centurion, “Go your way. Let it be done for you as you have believed.” His servant was healed in that hour.
("Faith is the divinely given conviction of things unseen" - Homer Kent Jr., Hebrews, 217, quoting Theological Dictionary of the NT vol 2, 476)
When Jesus, (Whose name means God’s Saviour) came into Peter’s house, he saw his wife’s mother lying sick with a fever. He touched her hand, and the fever left her. She got up and served them. When evening came, they brought to him many possessed with demons (daimónion; an evil spirit, a demon or spirit of a fallen angel). He cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all who were sick; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying: “He took our infirmities, and bore our diseases.” (Isaiah 53:4) Now when Jesus saw huge crowds around him, he gave the order to depart to the other side.
A scribe came, and said to him, “Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go.”
Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.”
Another of his disciples said to him, “Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.”
But Jesus said to him, “Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead.”
When he got into a boat, his disciples followed him. Later, a violent storm came up on the sea, so much that the boat was covered with the waves, but he was asleep. They came to him, and woke him up, saying, “Save us, Lord! We are dying!”
He said to them, “Why are you fearful, (deiloi; cowardly, timid, fearful - from deos; timid, i.e. faithless) O you of little faith?” Then he got up, rebuked the wind and the sea, and there was a great calm.
The men marvelled, saying, “What kind of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?”
When he came to the other side, into the country of the Gergesenes, (or, Gadarenes) two people possessed by demons met him there, coming out of the tombs, exceedingly fierce, so that nobody could pass that way. They cried out, saying, “What do we have to do with you, Jesus, Son of God? Have you come here to torment us before the time?” Now there was a herd of many pigs feeding far away from them. The demons begged him, saying, “If you cast us out, permit us to go away into the herd of pigs.”
He said to them, “Go!”
They came out, and went into the herd of pigs: and behold, the whole herd of pigs rushed down the cliff into the sea, and died in the water. Those who fed them fled, and went away into the city, and told everything, including what happened to those who were possessed with demons. Behold, all the city came out to meet Jesus. When they saw him, they begged that he would depart from their borders.
He entered into a boat, and crossed over, and came into his own city. When he arrived they brought to him a paralytic, lying on a bed. Jesus, seeing their faith, said to the paralytic, “Son (teknon; a child, descendant - from the base of timoria; a child), cheer up! Your sins are forgiven you.”
Behold, some of the scribes said to themselves, “This man blasphemes.”
Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, “Why do you think evil in your hearts? For which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven;’ or to say, ‘Get up, and walk?’ But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins...” (then he said to the paralytic), “Get up, and take up your mat, and go up to your house.”
He arose and departed to his house. But when the multitudes saw it, they marvelled and glorified God, who had given such authority to men.
As Jesus passed by from there, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax collection office. He said to him, “Follow me.” He got up and followed him. It happened as he sat in the house many tax collectors and sinners came and sat down with Jesus and his disciples. When the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?”
When Jesus heard it, he said to them, “Those who are healthy have no need for a physician, but those who are sick do. But you go and learn what this means: ‘I desire mercy (pity, compassion), and not sacrifice (thysía; an offering or sacrifice),’ (Hosea 6:6) for I came not to call the righteous (just, upright), but sinners to repentance.
Then John’s disciples came to him, saying, “Why do we and the Pharisees fast often, but your disciples don’t fast?”
Jesus said to them, “Can the friends of the bridegroom mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then they will fast. No one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; for the patch would shrink and tear away from the garment, and a worse hole is made. Neither do people put new wine into old wineskins, or else the skins would burst, and the wine be spilled, and the skins ruined. No, they put new wine into fresh wineskins, and both are preserved.”
While he told these things to them a ruler came and worshipped him, saying, “My daughter has just died, but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live.”
Jesus got up and followed him, as did his disciples. Behold, a woman who had an issue of blood for twelve years came behind him, and touched the fringe (hem, or tassels) of his robe; for she said within herself, “If I just touch his robe, I will be made well.”
But Jesus, turning around and seeing her, said, “Daughter, cheer up! Your faith has made you well.” And the woman was made well from that hour.
When Jesus came into the ruler’s house, and saw the flute players, and the crowd in noisy disorder, he said to them, “Make room, because the girl isn’t dead, but sleeping.”
They laughed and were ridiculing him, but when the crowd was put out, he entered in, took her by the hand, and the girl arose. The report of this went out into all that land. As Jesus passed by from there, two blind men followed him, calling out and saying, “Have mercy on us, son of David!”
When he had come into the house, the blind men came to him. Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I am able to do this?”
They told him, “Yes, Lord.”
Then he touched their eyes, saying, “According to your faith be it done to you.” And their eyes were opened. Jesus strictly commanded them, saying, “See that no one knows about this.” But they went out and spread abroad his fame in all that land.
As they went out a mute man who was demon possessed was brought to him. When the demon was cast out, the mute man spoke. The multitudes marvelled, saying, “Nothing like this has ever been seen in Israel!”
But the Pharisees said, “By the prince of the demons, he casts out demons.”
Jesus went about all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the Good News of the Kingdom, and healing every disease (infirmity, illness) and every sickness (malakía; an ailment that disables - a debilitating infirmity) among them. But when he saw the crowds of people, he was moved with compassion for them, because they were harassed (or weary) and scattered, like sheep without a shepherd. Then he said to his disciples, “The harvest indeed is plentiful, but the labourers are few. Pray therefore that the Lord of the harvest will send out labourers into his harvest.”
He called to himself his twelve disciples, and gave them authority over unclean (demonic, fallen) spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every sickness. Now the names of the twelve apostles are these. The first, Simon, who is called Peter; Andrew, his brother; James the son of Zebedee; John, his brother; Philip; Bartholomew; Thomas; Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus; Lebbaeus, who was also called Thaddaeus; Simon the Canaanite; and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
Then Jesus, sent these twelve out, and commanded them, saying, “Don’t go among the Gentiles (other races), and don’t enter into any city of the mixed race of the Samaritans. Rather, go to the lost (apóllymi; permanent or absolute destruction, damned) sheep of the house of Israel. As you go, preach (kérussó: to be a herald, proclaim), saying, ‘The Kingdom (Royalty or Realm) of Heaven is at hand!’ Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead and cast out demons (evil spirits). Freely (without payment) you received, so freely (without payment) give. Don’t take any gold, nor even silver, nor even brass in your belts (or pockets). Take no bag (pḗra – a traveller's bag, used for carrying food and money; a travelling pouch or a bread bag) for your journey, neither two coats, nor shoes, nor staff: for the labourer is worthy of his provisions. Into whatever city or village you enter, find out who in it is worthy (deserving); and stay there until you go on. As you enter into the household, greet it. If the household is worthy, let your peace come on it, but if it isn’t worthy, let your peace return to you. Whoever doesn’t receive you, nor hear your words, as you go out of that house or that city, shake off the dust from your feet. Most certainly I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgement than for that city.
“Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents, and as innocent as doves. But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to their councils, and in their courts they will flog you. Yes, and you will be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony (witness, evidence, proof), of me to them and to the nations. But when they deliver you up, don’t be anxious how or what you will say, for it will be given you in that hour what you will say. For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks through you.
“Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death. You will be hated by all men for my name’s sake, but he who endures (perseveres) to the end will be saved (rescued or delivered). But when they persecute you in this city, flee into the next, for most certainly (amēn - truly) I tell you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel, until the Son of Man has come. (erchomai: to come, or go)
“A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his lord. It is enough for the disciple that he be like his teacher, and the servant like his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul (a name of Satan, the chief or prince of evil spirits, transliterated from aramaic; BaʽalZebūb, "the lord of flies"), how much more those of his household! (one of a family, whether child or servant. one under the control of the master of a house: Matthew 10:36) Therefore don’t be afraid of them, for there is nothing covered (concealed, hidden) that will not be revealed (uncover, bring to light); and hidden (secret, private) that will not be known. What I tell you in the darkness (or in private), speak in the light; and what you hear whispered in the ear, proclaim on the housetops. Don’t be afraid of those who kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul. Rather, fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna. (Hell)
“Aren’t two sparrows sold for an assarion coin? (An assarion is a small coin worth one tenth of a drachma or a sixteenth of a denarius, approximately the wages of one half hour of farm labour) Not one of them falls on the ground without your Father’s knowledge, also the very hairs of your head are all numbered. So don’t be afraid. You are of more value than many sparrows. Everyone therefore who confesses me before men, him I will also confess before my Father who is in heaven. But whoever denies (repudiates, contradicts) me before men, him I will also deny before my Father who is in heaven.
“Don’t think that I came to send peace on the earth. I didn’t come to send peace, but a sword. For I came to set a man at odds against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law. A man’s enemies will be those of his own household (whether child or servant - Micah 7:6) Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; and he who loves son or daughter more than me isn’t worthy of me. He who doesn’t take his cross and follow after me, isn’t worthy of me. He who seeks his life will lose it; and he who loses his life for my sake will find it. He who receives (accepts, welcomes) you receives me, and he who receives me receives him who sent me (from apostelló; to send forth, send as a messenger). He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward. (from prophḗtēs - an interpreter, foreteller or spokesman for God; one through whom God speaks) He who receives a righteous person in the name of a righteous person will receive a righteous person’s reward. Whoever gives one of these little ones just a cup of cold water to drink in the name of a disciple, most certainly (amén - verily, truly.) I tell you he will in no way lose his reward.”
It happened that when Jesus had finished giving orders to his twelve disciples, he departed from there to teach and preach (proclaim as a herald) in their cities. Now when John heard in the prison about the works of Jesus who is the Christ (the Anointed One, the Messiah, the Saviour), he sent two of his disciples to ask him, “Are you he who comes, or should we look for another?”
Jesus answered them, “Go and tell John the things which you hear and see: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, (Isaiah 35:5) the dead are raised up, and the poor (destitute) have good news preached to them. (Isaiah 6:1-4) Blessed is he who finds no occasion for stumbling in me.”
As these went their way, Jesus began to speak to the crowds concerning John, “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? But what did you go out to see? A man in soft clothing? Surely those who wear soft clothing are in king’s houses. But why did you go out? To see a prophet? (someone who foretells future events, and conveys essential messages from the divine. A spokesperson for God.) Yes, I tell you, and much more than a prophet. For this is he, of whom it is written, ‘Look, I send (apostelló - send forth, send as a messenger) my messenger (ang'elos: a messenger, angel) before your face, who will prepare your way before you.’ (Malachi 3:1) Most certainly (amēn) I tell you, among those who are born of women there has not arisen anyone greater than John the Baptiser; yet he who is least in the Kingdom of Heaven is greater than he. From the days of John the Baptiser until now, the Kingdom of Heaven is taken by force, and the forceful seize it. For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. If you are willing to receive it, this is Elijah ("Yah is God"), the one who is about to come. He who has ears to hear, let him hear (listen, comprehend by hearing).
“But to what shall I compare this generation? It is like little children sitting in the marketplaces (town square), who call to others saying, ‘We played the flute for you, and you didn’t dance. We mourned (thrēnéō - lament, wail - from threō; cry out aloud) for you, and you didn’t lament (beat your breast in grief). For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon (evil spirit).’ Now the Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look, a gluttonous person (greedy, eats more than is needed) and a drunkard (a winebibber, given to wine), a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ But wisdom is justified (shown to be righteous, declared righteous) by her actions.
Then he began to denounce (reproach, revile, scold) the cities in which most of his mighty works (miracles) had been done, because they didn’t repent (literally, "think differently afterwards"). “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works which had been done in Tyre and Sidon were done in you, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth (sakkō: sack-cloth, a sign of mourning. Of Hebrew origin) and ashes. But I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of judgement than for you. You, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, you will be brought down to Hades. (the underworld, hell) For if the mighty works had been done in Sodom which were done in you, it would have remained until this day. But I tell you that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom, on the day of judgement, than for you.”
Then Jesus said, “I thank you (exomologeó: to agree, confess), Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you hid these things from the wise and understanding, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for so it was well-pleasing in your sight. All things have been delivered (handed over) to me by my Father. No one knows the Son, except the Father; neither does anyone know the Father, except the Son, and he to whom the Son desires to reveal him.
“Come to me, all you who labour (kopiaó: to grow weary, toil) and are heavily burdened (overloaded), and I will give you rest (anapauó: to give rest, give intermission from labour). Take my yoke (comparable to the heavy yokes resting on and joining two bullocks' necks) upon you, and learn (as a disciple) from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart; and you will find rest (cessation from labour) for your life. For my yoke is easy (pleasant, kind, useful), and my burden (phortion: A burden; the freight of a ship. A task or service.) is light (easy to bear).”
At that time, Jesus went on the Sabbath day (The seventh day of each week, Saturday, was a sacred festival on which the Israelites were required to abstain from all work; Exodus 20:10; Exodus 31:13; Deuteronomy 5:14) through the grain fields. His disciples were hungry and began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. But the Pharisees (self righteous Jewish leaders), when they saw it, said to him, “Behold, your disciples do what is not lawful (allowed) to do on the Sabbath.”
But he said to them, “Haven’t you read what David (King of Israel) did, when he was hungry, and those who were with him; how he entered into God’s house, and ate the show bread (loaves presented to God), which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for those who were with him, but only for the priests? (one who offers sacrifices - Samuel 21:3-6) Or have you not read in the law, that on the Sabbath day, the priests in the temple profane (desecrate) the Sabbath, and are guiltless? (innocent) But I tell you that one greater than the temple is here. But if you had known what this means, ‘I desire mercy (pity, compassion), and not sacrifice (an offering),’ (Hosea 6:6) you would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”
He departed there, and went into their synagogue. And there was a man with a withered hand there. They asked him, “Is it lawful (permitted) to heal on the Sabbath day?” that they might accuse him.
He said to them, “What man is there among you, who has one sheep, and if this one falls into a pit on the Sabbath day, won’t he grab on to it, and lift it out? Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep! Therefore it is lawful (permitted) to do good on the Sabbath day.” Then he told the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He stretched it out; and it was restored whole, just like the other. But the Pharisees went out, and conspired against him, how they might destroy him. Jesus, knowing their intent, withdrew from there. Great multitudes followed him; and he healed them all, and warned them that they should not make him known: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying,
“Behold, my servant whom I have chosen;
my beloved in whom my soul is well pleased:
I will put my Spirit on him.
He will proclaim justice to the nations.
He will not strive, nor shout;
neither will anyone hear his voice in the streets.
He won’t break a bruised reed.
He won’t quench a smoking flax,
until he leads justice to victory.
In his name, the nations will hope.” (Isaiah 42:1-4)
Then one possessed by a demon, blind and mute, was brought to him and he healed him, so that the blind and mute man both spoke and saw. All the multitudes were amazed, and said, “Can this be the son of David?” But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, “This man does not cast out demons, except by Beelzebul, the prince of the demons.”
Knowing their thoughts, Jesus said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house (family) divided against itself will not stand. If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? If I by Beelzebul cast out demons, by whom do your children cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. But if I by the Spirit of God cast out demons, then the Kingdom of God has come upon you. How can one enter into the house of the strong man, and plunder his goods, unless he first bind the strong man? Then he will plunder his house.
“The one who is not with me is against me, and he who doesn’t gather with me, scatters. Because of this I tell you, every sin and blasphemy (blasphémia: slander, abusive or scurrilous language) will be forgiven, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, neither in this age (aión: a space of time, an era), nor in that which is to come.
“Either make the tree good, and its fruit good, or make the tree corrupt (sapron: rotten, useless, bad, depraved - from sepo; rotten, worthless.), and its fruit corrupt; for the tree is known by its fruit. You offspring of vipers (children of the devil), how can you, being evil (ponēroi: evil, bad, wicked, malicious, slothful.), speak good things? For out of the abundance (overflow, surplus) of the heart, the mouth speaks. The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings out good things, and the evil man out of his evil treasure of the heart brings out evil things. I tell you that every idle (lazy, careless, thoughtless, unprofitable, injurious) word that men speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgement. For by your words you will be justified (declared righteous), and by your words you will be condemned (pronounced guilty).”
Then certain of the scribes and Pharisees answered, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.”
But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, but no sign will be given it but the sign of Jonah the prophet (an interpreter or spokesman for God). For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale (kétos: a huge fish, a sea monster, whale), so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart (belly) of the earth. The people of Nineveh will stand up in the judgement with this generation, and will condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, someone greater than Jonah is here. The queen of the south will rise up in the judgement with this generation, and will condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon (from the Hebrew name ‘Shelomoh’, which was derived from ‘shalom’ meaning "peace"); and look, someone greater than Solomon is here. Now when the unclean (impure, demonic) spirit, is gone out of the person, it passes through waterless (dry, desert) places, seeking rest, and doesn’t find it. Then it says, ‘I will return into my house from which I came out,’ and when it has come back, it finds it empty, swept, and put in order. Then it goes, and takes with itself seven other spirits more evil than it is, and they enter in and inhabit it. The last state of that man becomes worse than the first. Even so will it be also to this evil generation (race or family).”
While he was yet speaking to the multitudes, his mother and his brothers stood outside, seeking to speak to him. One said to him, “Look, your mother and your brothers stand outside, seeking to speak to you.”
But he answered him who spoke to him, “Who is my mother? Who are my brothers?” He stretched out his hand towards his disciples, and said, “Look, here are my mother and my brothers! For whoever does the will of my Father who is in heaven, they are my brother, and sister, and mother.”
On that day Jesus went out of the house, and sat down by the seaside. Great multitudes gathered to him, so that he went into a boat, and sat, while all the multitude stood on the beach. He spoke to them many things in parables (parabolēn; a fictitious story set alongside the truth, a similitude, analogy), saying, “Look, a farmer went out to sow (spread, scatter seed). As he sowed, some seeds fell by the roadside, and the birds came and devoured them. Others fell on rocky ground, where they didn’t have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of earth. When the sun had risen, they were scorched. Because they had no root, they withered away. Others fell among thorns. The thorns grew up and choked them. Others fell on good soil, and yielded fruit: some one hundred times as much, some sixty, and some thirty. He who has ears to hear, let him hear (akouó: comprehend by hearing).”
The disciples came, and said to him, “Why do you speak to them in parables?”
He answered them, “To you it is given to know the mysteries (mustérion from mueó; truths known only to initiates) of the Kingdom of Heaven, but it is not given to them. For whoever has, to him will be given, and he will have abundance, but whoever doesn’t have, from him will be taken away even that which he has. Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they don’t see, and hearing, they don’t hear, neither do they understand. In them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says,
‘By hearing you will hear,
and will in no way understand;
Seeing you will see,
and will in no way perceive:
for this people’s heart has grown callous (thick, stupid),
their ears are dull of hearing, (heavy, hear with difficulty, barely)
they have closed their eyes;
or else perhaps they might perceive with their eyes,
Hear (comprehend) with their ears,
understand with their heart,
and should turn again (to return to a better mind, repent);
and I would heal them.’ (Isaiah 6:9-10)
“But blessed are your eyes, for they see; and your ears, for they hear. For most certainly (amēn) I tell you that many prophets and righteous (innocent, holy) men desired (epithumeó; longed for, coveted, lusted after, set the heart upon) to see (perceive, discern) the things which you see (look at), and didn’t see (discern) them; and to hear the things which you hear, and didn’t hear them.
“Hear, then, the parable of the seed sower. When anyone hears the word (lógos; message) of the Kingdom, and doesn’t understand it, the evil one comes, and snatches away (steals) that which has been sown in his heart. This is what was sown by the roadside. What was sown on the rocky places, this is he who hears the word, and immediately with joy receives it; yet it has no root in itself, and endures only for a while. When oppression (thlípsis; restricted, without options) or persecution arises because of the word (lógos; message), immediately he stumbles. What was sown among the thorns, this is he who hears the word, but the cares (mérimna; worries, anxieties) of this age and the deceitfulness (apátē; a false impression) of riches (ploútos; wealth) choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful (ákarpos; barren, profitless). What was sown on the good ground, this is he who hears the word, and understands it, who most certainly bears fruit, and brings forth, some one hundred times as much, some sixty, and some thirty.”
He set another parable before them, saying, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field, but while people slept, his enemy came and sowed darnel weeds (zizanium; a plant that grows in Palestine which resembles wheat in many ways but is worthless. Darnel is a weed grass, probably bearded darnel or lolium temulentum; that looks very much like wheat until it is mature, when the difference becomes very apparent.) also among the wheat, and went away. But when the plants had grown and began to bring forth fruit, then the (useless) darnel weeds were also revealed. The servants of the householder came and said to him, ‘Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where did this darnel come from?’
“He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’
“The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and gather them up?’
“But he said, ‘No, in case while you gather up the darnel weeds, you uproot the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest, and in the harvest time I will tell the reapers, “First, gather up the darnel weeds, and bind them in bundles in order to burn them; but gather the wheat into my barn.”’”
He set another parable (parabolēn; a fictitious story set alongside the truth, a similitude) before them, saying, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a grain of mustard seed (sínapi; a mustard plant that reaches a height of three meters or about ten feet. This is a huge plant when fully matured and bears very tiny seeds, the smallest of all seeds in common use in the area at that time), which a man took, and sowed in his field; which indeed is smaller than all seeds. But when it is grown, it is greater than the garden herbs, and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and live in its branches.”
He spoke another parable to them. “The Kingdom of Heaven is like leaven (zymē; old, fermented dough), which a woman took, and hid in three measures (sata; three sata is about 39 litres) of meal, until it was all leavened (fermented).”
Jesus spoke all these things in parables to the multitudes; and without a parable, he didn’t speak to them, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying,
“I will open my mouth in parables;
I will utter things hidden (or, things which have been kept secret) since the foundation of the world (kósmos; literally, something ordered, universe).” (Psalm 78:2)
Then Jesus sent the multitudes away, and went into the house. His disciples came to him, saying, “Explain to us the parable of the darnel weeds (zizaniōn: false grain.) of the field.”
He answered them, “He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man, the field is the world; and the good seed, these are the children of the Kingdom; and the darnel weeds are the children of the evil one. The enemy who sowed them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels (ággelos; a messenger, generally one who is sent from God). As therefore the darnel weeds are gathered up and burned with fire; so will it be at the end of this age. The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will gather out of his Kingdom all things that cause stumbling (sin), and those who do iniquity (anomía; lawlessness), and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be weeping (wailing) and the gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine forth like the sun in the Kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.
“Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in the field, which a man found, and hid. In his joy, he goes and sells all that he has, and buys that field.
“Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a merchant seeking fine pearls, who having found one extremely valuable pearl, he went and sold all that he had, and bought it.
“Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a dragnet, that was cast into the sea, and gathered some fish of every kind, which, when it was filled, they drew up on the beach. They sat down, and gathered the good into containers, but the bad (worthless) they threw away. So will it be in the end of the world. The angels will come forth, and separate the wicked from among (mesos: middle, in the midst of) the righteous, and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth.” Jesus said to them, “Have you understood all these things?”
They answered him, “Yes, Lord.”
He said to them, “Therefore every scribe who has been made a disciple in the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a householder, who brings out of his treasure new and old things.”
It happened that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed from there. Coming into his own region, he taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said, “Where did this man get this wisdom, and these mighty works (miraculous powers)? Isn’t this the carpenter’s son? Isn’t his mother called Mary, and his brothers, James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas (or, Judah)? Aren’t all of his sisters with us? Where then did he get all of this?” They were offended (skandalízō; caused to stumble) because of him.
But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honour, except in his own country, and in his own house.” He didn’t do many mighty works (miracles) there because of their unbelief (apistía - without faith. The word unbelief here is from apeitheo and does not mean just a passive unbelief, but a refusal to believe; an actual unwillingness to be persuaded. ... The same word apeitheo is translated as 'unbelief' in Hebrews 3:18; and as 'disobedience' in Hebrews 4:6.)
At that time, Herod the tetrarch (ruler over a fourth part of a region) heard about the fame of Jesus, and said to his servants, “This is John the Baptiser. He is risen from the dead. That is why these miraculous powers work in him.” For Herod had arrested John, and bound him, and put him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife (granddaughter of Herod the Great). For John said to him, “It is not lawful (permitted) for you to have her.” Even though he wanted to put him to death, he was afraid of the multitude, because they counted him as a prophet. But during Herod’s birthday celebrations, the daughter of Herodias danced among them and pleased Herod. Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatever she should ask. She, being prompted by her mother, said, “Give me here on a platter the head of John the Baptiser.”
The king was deeply grieved, but for the sake of his oaths, and of those who reclined at the table with him, he commanded it to be done, and he sent and beheaded John in the prison. His head was brought on a platter, and given to the young girl: and she brought it to her mother. His disciples came later, and took the body, and buried it; and they went and told Jesus. Now when Jesus heard this, he withdrew from there by boat, to a deserted place to be apart by himself. When the multitudes heard about it, they followed him on foot from the towns.
Jesus went out and saw the great multitude. He had compassion on them, and healed their sick. When evening had come, his disciples came to him, saying, “This place is desolate, and the hour is already late. Send the multitudes away, that they may go into the villages, and buy themselves food.”
But Jesus said to them, “They don’t need to go away. You give them something to eat.”
They said to him, “But we only have five loaves and two fish here.”
He said, “Bring them here to me.” And he ordered the multitudes to sit down on the grass; Then he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed (eulogeó: to speak well of, praise), broke and gave the loaves to the disciples, and the disciples gave to the multitudes. They all ate, and were filled (satisfied). Afterwards they took up twelve baskets full of fragments that were left over. Those who ate were about five thousand men, besides women and children.
Then Jesus made the disciples get into the boat and go ahead of him to the other side, while he sent the multitudes away. After he had sent the multitudes away, he went up into the mountain by himself to pray (proseuchomai "to pray," is always used of "prayer, petitions, desires or wishes" directed to God). When evening had come, he was there alone. And the boat was now many stadia (about 200 metres or 620 feet) from the land, tossed about by the waves, for the wind was contrary. In the fourth watch of the night, (The night was equally divided into four watches, so the fourth watch is approximately 3 am to sunrise.) Jesus went to them, walking on the sea. (see Job 9:8) When the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, “It’s a ghost!” (phántasma; an apparition, ghost, spirit, phantom) and they cried out (krazó: to scream, shriek) for fear. But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying “Have courage! It is I! (ego eimi: I exist, I am) Don’t be afraid.”
Peter answered him and said, “Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the waters.”
He said, “Come!”
Peter climbed down from the boat, and walked on the waters to go to Jesus. But when he saw that the wind was strong, he was afraid, and beginning to sink, he cried out loudly (krazó: to scream, shriek), saying, “Lord, save me!”
Immediately Jesus reached out his hand and took hold of him, and said to him, “You of little faith, why did you doubt? (distázō - from dís, "two, double" and stásis, "stance, standing" – going two ways, shifting between positions, vacillate, waver)” When they got up into the boat, the wind ceased and was still. Then those who were in the boat came and worshipped (bowed down to) him, saying, “You are truly (really, factually) the Son of God!”
When they had crossed over, they came to the land of Gennesaret. When the people of that place recognised him, they sent into all that surrounding region, and brought to him all who were sick, and they begged him that they might just touch the fringe (hem, or edge) of his robe and as many as touched it were made completely whole (or, cured, healed).
Then Pharisees (Pharisaíos - "Pharisee" is derived from the Aramaic term, peras - "to divide and separate". This literally refers to a "separatist"; hence, a Pharisee was someone "separated from sin, a purist.") and Scribes (grammateús - from graphō, "to write"; one learned in the Jewish Law, a religious teacher) came to Jesus from Jerusalem (Greek: Hierosólyma, Hebrew: Yerúshálayim - "dwelling of peace,"), saying, “Why do your disciples disobey (neglect, transgress) the tradition (instruction) of the elders? For they don’t wash their hands when they eat bread.”
He answered them, “Why do you also ignore the commandment of God because of your tradition? For God commanded, ‘Honour (timáō - to fix the value, to price) your father and your mother,’ (Exodus 20:2, Deuteronomy 5:16) and, ‘He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him be put to death.’ (Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9) But you say, ‘Whoever says to his father or his mother, “Whatever help you should have gotten from me is a gift devoted to God,” he therefor does not honour his father or mother.’ You have made the commandment of God void because of your tradition. You hypocrites! (pretenders, actors) Well did Isaiah prophesy of you, saying,
‘These people draw near to me with their mouth,
and honour me with their lips;
but their heart is far from me.
And in vain do they worship me,
teaching as doctrine rules made by men.’” (Isaiah 29:13)
He summoned the multitude, and said to them, “Listen, and understand. That which enters into the mouth doesn’t defile a person; but that which goes out of the mouth, this defiles the person.”
Then the disciples came, and said to him, “Do you know that the Pharisees were offended, when they heard this saying?”
But he answered, “Every plant which my heavenly Father didn’t plant will be uprooted. Leave them alone. They (the Pharisees) are blind guides of the blind. If the blind guide the blind, both will fall into a pit.”
Peter answered him, “Explain the parable to us.”
So Jesus said, “Do you also still not understand? Don’t you understand that whatever goes into the mouth passes into the belly, and then cast out of the body into the privy? But the things which proceed out of the mouth come out of the heart (kardía – heart; "the affective centre of our being” - not the physical pump that drives the blood), and they defile (pollute) the person. For out of the heart come forth evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, sexual sins (porneía - pornography), thefts, false testimony (untruths, lies), and blasphemies (slander or abusive language). These are the things which defile the man; but to eat with unwashed hands doesn’t defile the man.”
Jesus went out from there, and withdrew into the region of Tyre and Sidon. Then a Canaanite woman from the same region, came and cried out, saying, “Have mercy on me, Lord, son of David! My daughter is severely possessed by a demon!”
But he answered her not a word.
His disciples came and begged him, saying, “Send her away; for she cries out after us.”
But he answered, “I wasn’t sent to anyone but the lost (apóllymi; utterly destroyed) sheep of the house of Israel.”
But she came and worshipped him, saying, “Lord, help me.”
But he answered, “It is not appropriate to take the children’s food and throw it to the dogs.”
But she said, “Yes, Lord, but even the dogs eat the morsel which falls from their masters’ table.”
Then Jesus answered her, “Woman, great is your faith! Be it done to you even as you desire.” And her daughter was healed from that hour.
Jesus departed there, and came near to the sea of Galilee; and he went up into the mountain, and sat there. Then huge crowds came to him, bringing with them the lame, blind, maimed, deaf, dumb and many others. They put them down at his feet and He healed them, so that the multitude were amazed when they saw the mute speaking, crippled whole, lame walking, and blind seeing - and they glorified (praised, exalted) the God of Israel.
Jesus called his disciples to him and said, “I am moved with compassion for the crowds, because they have been with me now for three days and have had nothing to eat. I don’t want to send them away hungry, or they might faint on the way.”
The disciples said to him, “Where should we get so many loaves in this deserted place to satisfy so great a multitude?”
Jesus said to them, “How many loaves do you have?”
They said, “Seven, and a few small fish.”
He commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground; and he took the seven loaves and the fish. He gave thanks and broke them, and gave to the disciples, and the disciples gave to the multitudes. They all ate, and were filled (satisfied). They took up seven baskets full of the broken pieces (fragments) that were left over. Those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children. Then he sent away the multitudes, got into the boat, and came into the region of Magdala.
The Pharisees and Sadducees (The Sadducees, known as the Jewish Elite, rejected the Oral Torah as proposed by the Pharisees. Rather, they saw the written Torah as the sole source of divine authority. They also did not believe in the resurrection of the dead.) came, and testing him, asked him to show them a sign from heaven. But he answered them, “When it is evening, you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.’ In the morning, ‘It will be stormy weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ Hypocrites! You know how to discern the appearance of the sky, but you are unable to discern the signs of the times! An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and there will be no sign given to it, except the sign of the prophet Jonah.”
He left them, and went away. The disciples came to the other side and realised that they had forgotten to take bread with them. So when Jesus said to them, “Take heed (pay attention) and beware of the leaven (Sourdough which is kept over from one baking to the next) of the Pharisees and Sadducees”, they reasoned among themselves, saying, “It is because we brought no bread.”
Jesus, perceiving it, said, “Why do you reason among yourselves, you of little faith, ‘because you have brought no bread?’ Don’t you yet understand, neither remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you took up? Nor the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you took up? How is it that you don’t understand that I did not speak to you concerning bread, but to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees?”
Then they understood that he didn’t tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. Now when Jesus came into the parts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, “Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?”
They said, “Some say John the Baptiser, some, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.”
He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ (the Anointed One, the Messiah), the Son of the living God.”
Jesus answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar Jonah (son of Jonas), for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. I also tell you that you are Peter, (Greek - Petros, a specific rock or stone) and on this rock (Greek - petra, a rock mass or bedrock) I will build my church, (The word church in the Bible comes from the Greek word ecclesia, which means a called out company or assembly. Wherever it is used in the Bible it refers to people. It can be a mob; Acts 19:30-41, the children of Israel; Acts 7:38, and the body of Christ; Ephesians 1:22; Ephesians 5:25, 32). and the gates of Hades (the underworld, hell) will not prevail against (overpower) it. I will give to you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven; and whatever you release on earth will have been released in heaven.” Then he instructed the disciples that they should tell no one that he was the Christ (The Messiah, the long awaited Anointed One, the Saviour). From that time, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up.
Peter took him aside, and began to rebuke him, saying, “Far be it from you, Lord! This will never be done to you.”
But he turned, and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me, for your mind (thought) is not on the things of God, but on the things of men.” Then Jesus said to his disciples, “If anyone desires to come after me, let him deny (aparnéomai; utterly reject, ignore) himself, and take up his cross, and follow (accompany) me. For whoever desires to save his life will lose it (utterly perish), and whoever will lose his life on account of me will find it. For what will it profit (benefit) a man, if he gains the whole world, and loses his life? (psuché: breath) Or what will a man give in exchange for his life? For the Son of Man will come in the glory of his Father with his angels, and then he will render to everyone according to his deeds (actions, work). Most certainly (amēn) I tell you, there are some of those standing here who will in no way taste of death, until they see the Son of Man coming in his Kingdom.”
After six days, Jesus took with him Peter, James, and John his brother, and brought them up into a high mountain by themselves. Then he was transfigured (metamorphóō; to change into another form) before them. His face shone like the sun, and his garments became as white as the light. Also Moses and Elijah appeared to them talking with him.
Peter spoke then and said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you want, I will make three tents (tabernacles, places to live) here: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”
But while he was still speaking a bright cloud full of light appeared over them and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is my beloved (agapētós; loved by God, loved with divine love.) Son, in whom I am well pleased (take delight in). Pay attention to what he says.”
When the disciples heard this, they fell on their faces, and were exceedingly afraid. Then Jesus came and touched them and said, “Get up, and don’t be afraid.” So getting up and looking around, they saw no one, except Jesus alone. As they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus instructed them, saying, “Don’t tell anyone about the vision (spectacle) that you saw, until the Son of Man has risen from the dead.”
His disciples asked him, saying, “Then why do the scribes say that it is necessary for Elijah to come first?”
Jesus answered them, “Elijah does come, and restores (re-establishes) all things, but I tell you that Elijah has come already, and they didn’t recognise him, but did to him whatever they wanted to. In like manner, therefor, the Son of Man will also be made to suffer by them.” Then the disciples understood that he spoke to them of John the Baptiser.
When they got back to the crowd, a man came to him, and knelt down before him, saying, “Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is epileptic (selēniázomai; moon-struck, acting like a lunatic), and suffers grievously; for he often falls into the fire, and often into the water. So I brought him to your disciples, but they could not cure him.”
Jesus answered and said, “Faithless (unbelieving) and perverse (turned aside from the right path) generation! How long will I be with you? How long will I bear with you? Bring him here to me.” Jesus rebuked the demon and it went out of him, and the boy was cured from that hour.
Then the disciples came to Jesus privately, and said, “Why weren’t we able to cast it out?”
He said to them, “Because of your little faith (lack of confidence, unbelief, doubt). For most certainly (amēn) I tell you, if you have faith as a grain of mustard seed, you will tell this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible for you. But this kind doesn’t go out except by prayer and fasting (abstinence from food).”
While they were staying in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is about to be betrayed and delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him, and on the third day he will be raised up.” They were exceedingly sad.
Now when they had come to Capernaum, those who collected the didrachma coins (A didrachma is a Greek silver coin worth 2 drachmas, about as much as 2 Roman denarii, or about 2 days’ wages. It was commonly used to pay the half-shekel temple tax, because 2 drachmas were worth one half shekel of silver.) came to Peter, and said, “Doesn’t your teacher pay the didrachma?” He answered and said, “Yes.”
When he came into the house, Jesus anticipated him, saying, “What do you think, Simon? From whom do the kings of the earth receive toll or tribute? From their children, or from others?”
Peter said to him, “From others.”
Jesus said to him, “Therefore the children are exempt. But, lest we cause them to stumble (to give offence), go to the sea, cast a hook, and take up the first fish that comes along. When you have opened its mouth, you will find a stater coin. (A stater is a silver coin equivalent to four drachmas, or a Jewish shekel: just exactly enough to cover the half-shekel temple tax each for two people.) Take that, and give it to them for me and you.”
In that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who then is greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven?”
Jesus called a little child to himself, and setting the child in their midst, said, “Most certainly I tell you, unless you turn (change), and become as the little children, you will in no way enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. Whoever therefore humbles (tapeinóō; makes low) himself as this little child, the same is the greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven. Whoever receives one such little child in my name receives me, but whoever causes one of these little ones who believe (from pistis; to have faith) in me to stumble (doubt, sin), it would be better for them that a huge millstone should be hung around their neck, and that they should be sunk in the depths of the sea. (The weight of a millstone is about 1000 kilograms or 2200 pounds.)
“Woe to the world because of occasions of stumbling! (Traps or enticements to sin, error or wrongdoing.) Indeed, it is necessary that the occasions (traps or enticements) come, but woe to that person through whom the occasion (trap or enticement to sin) comes! If your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off (ekkóptō; entirely remove, cut off, completely detach, separate), and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life maimed or limping, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into the eternal fire. If your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out, and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes only to be cast into the fire of Gehenna (géenna; a transliteration of the Hebrew term, Gêhinnōm, "the valley of Hinnom", a place where fires burned continuously to consume waste. Used figuratively to refer to hell, also referred to as the "lake of fire" in Revelation). See that you don’t despise one of these little ones, for I tell you that in heaven their angels (ággelos; a messenger, or heavenly beings created by God) always see the face (countenance) of my Father who is in heaven. For the Son of Man came to save that which was lost (or, is dead - apolōlos; utterly destroyed).
“What do you think? If a man has one hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray (planáō - deceive, err, seduce, wander, be out of the way, be misled), doesn’t he leave the ninety-nine alone on the mountains, and search for the one which has gone astray? If he finds it, most certainly I tell you, he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine which have not gone astray. In this way it shows then that it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish (be cut off, come to ruin).
“If your brother sins (does something wrong) against you, go, show him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained back your brother. But if he doesn’t listen, take one or two more with you, that at the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. (Deuteronomy 19:15) If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church (ekklésia: an assembly. Properly - those people called out from the world and to God. The English word "church" comes from the Greek word kyriakos, "belonging to the Lord"). If he refuses to listen to the (called out assembly) church also, let him be to you as a Gentile or a tax collector. Most certainly I tell you, whatever things (those who) you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven, and whatever things (those who) you release on earth will have been released in heaven. Once more, with certainty (amḗn; truly) I tell you, that if two of you will agree (symphōnéō; harmonize with, be like-minded) on earth concerning any thing (prágma; deed, action; matter) that they will ask, it will be done for them by my Father who is in heaven. For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there I am (eimí; I exist, I am) in their midst.”
Then Peter came and said to him, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive (permit, release) him? Until seven times?”
Jesus said to him, “I don’t tell you until seven times, but, until seventy times seven. Therefore (because of this) the Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain earthly king, who wanted to reconcile accounts with his servants. When he had begun to reconcile, one was brought to him a debtor who owed him ten thousand talents. (Ten thousand talents represents an extremely large sum of money, equivalent to about 60,000,000 denarii, where one denarius was typical of one day’s wages for agricultural labour.) But because he couldn’t pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, with his wife, his children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. The servant therefore fell down and kneeled before him, saying, ‘Lord, have patience with me, and I will repay you all!’ The lord of that servant, being moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt.
“But that servant went out, and found one of his fellow servants, who owed him one hundred denarii, (100 denarii was about one sixtieth of a talent and represents a tiny fraction of what he owed his master.) and he grabbed him, and took him by the throat (choking him), saying, ‘Pay me what you owe!’
“So his fellow servant fell down at his feet and begged him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will repay you!’ He would not, but went and cast him into prison, until he should pay back that which was owing. So when his fellow servants saw what was done, they were exceedingly distressed, and came and told to their lord all that was done. Then his lord called him in, and said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt, because you begged me. Shouldn’t you also have had mercy on your fellow servant, even as I had mercy on you?’ His lord was angry, and delivered him to the tormentors (basanistḗs; torturers), until he should pay all that was due to him. So my heavenly Father will also do to you, if you don’t each forgive your brother from your hearts.”
It happened when Jesus had finished these words, he left Galilee, and came into the region of Judea beyond the Jordan. Great multitudes followed him, and he healed them there. Then Pharisees came to him, testing him, and saying, “Is it lawful (permitted) for a man to divorce (apolýō; to set free, release, send away) his wife for any reason?”
He answered, “Haven’t you read that the one who created them from the beginning made them male and female, (Genesis 1:27) and said, ‘Because of this a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall join (kolláō; to glue, unite, cleave, adhere to) to his wife; and the two shall become one flesh’ (or body - Genesis 2:24) So that they are no more two, but one flesh (body). What therefore God has joined together (syzeúgnymi; yoke together, unite), don’t let man tear apart (separate, divide).”
They asked him, “Why then did Moses command us to give her a certificate of divorce (separation), and release her (send her away)?”
He said to them, “Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts (lack of spiritual perception, obstinacy), allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it has not been so. I tell you now that whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality (from porneuo; harlotry, adultery, incest, fornication), and marries another, commits adultery; and he who marries her when she is divorced commits adultery.”
His disciples said to him, “If this is the case of the man with his wife, it is better not to marry.”
So he said to them, “Not everyone can receive this saying, but those to whom it is given. For there are eunuchs (a castrated person) who were born that way from their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men; and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven’s sake. He who is able to receive it, let him receive it.”
Then little children were brought to him, that he should lay his hands on them and pray; but the disciples rebuked them. Nevertheless Jesus said, “Allow the little children, and don’t forbid (prevent, hinder) them to come to me; for the Kingdom of Heaven is for ones like these.” And after he laid his hands on them, he departed from there.
Behold, one came to him and said, “Teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?”
He said to him, “Why do you ask me about what is good?” Only I am (God) is good. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.”
He said to him, “Which ones?”
Jesus said, “‘You shall not murder.’ ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ ‘You shall not steal.’ ‘You shall not offer false testimony.’ ‘Honor your father and mother.’ (Exodus 20:12-16; Deuteronomy 5:16-20) And, ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself.’” (Leviticus 19:18)
The young man said to him, “All these things I have observed. What do I still lack?”
Jesus said to him, “If you want to be perfect (téleios; reached its end, complete), go, sell your possessions, and give to the poor (needy, destitute, beggar), and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.” But when the young man heard these words, he went away grieving, for he was one who had numerous possessions. Then Jesus said to his disciples, “Most certainly (amḗn) I tell you, the rich will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven with difficulty. Also I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the Kingdom of God.”
When the disciples heard it, they were exceedingly astonished (to strike with panic, to shock), saying, “Who then can be saved (rescued)?”
Looking at them, Jesus said, “With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”
Then Peter answered, “Look, we have left everything, and followed you. What then will we have?”
Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you that you who have followed me, in the regeneration (paliggenesía - from pálin, "again" and génesis, "birth, beginning" - renewal) when the Son of Man will sit on the throne of his glory, you also will sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. Everyone who has left houses, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, because of my name, will receive one hundred times as much, and will also inherit eternal life. But many will be last who are first; and first who are last.
“For the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who was the master of a household, who went out early in the morning to hire labourers for his vineyard. When he had agreed with the labourers for a denarius (A denarius is a silver Roman coin worth 1/25th of a Roman aureus. This was a common wage for a day of farm labour.) for the day, he sent them into his vineyard. He went out about the third hour, (Time was measured from sunrise to sunset, so the third hour would be about 9 am.) and saw others standing idle in the marketplace. To them he said, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.’ So they went their way. Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, (noon and 3 pm) and did likewise. About the eleventh hour (5 pm) he went out, and found others standing idle. He said to them, ‘Why do you stand here all day idle (lazy, useless, barren)?’
“They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’
“He said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and you will receive whatever is right.’ When evening had come, the lord of the vineyard said to his manager, ‘Call the labourers and pay them their wages, beginning from the last to the first.’
“Those who were hired at about the eleventh hour came, and they each received a denarius. And when the first came, they supposed that they would receive more; but they likewise each received a denarius. When they received it, they murmured (grumbled) against the master of the household, saying, ‘These last have worked one hour, and you have made them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat!’
“But he answered one of them, saying, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Didn’t you agree with me for a denarius? Take that which is yours, and go your way. It is my desire to give to this last just as much as to you. Isn’t it lawful for me to do what I want to with that which is mine? Or is your eye evil, because I am good?’ So the last will be first, and the first last. For many are called (invited), but few are chosen (selected).”
As Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside while on the way and he said to them, “Look, we are going up to Jerusalem, where the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, and hand him over to the Gentiles to mock, to flog, and to crucify; then, on the third day he will rise again.”
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons (James and John). She knelt before him in order to ask a petition of him and He said to her, “What is your wish (desire)?”
She said to him, “Grant that these, my two sons, may sit, one on your right hand, and one on your left hand, in your Kingdom.”
But Jesus answered, “You don’t know what you are asking for. Are you able (dýnamai; have the strength or power) to drink the cup that I am about to drink, and be baptised with the baptism that I am baptised with?” (baptízō; dip, submerge, immerse)
They said to him, “We are able.”
He said to them, “You will indeed drink my cup, and be baptised with the baptism that I am baptised with, but to sit on my right hand and on my left hand is not mine to give; but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by my Father.”
When the ten heard it, they were indignant (greatly displeased, angry) with the two brothers.
But Jesus called them to him, and said, “You know that the rulers of the foreign nations (gentiles) lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. It shall not be so among you, but whoever desires to become great among you let him be your servant (diákonos; properly means 'to kick up dust,' as in one running an errand, it is the root of the english word, deacon). So whoever desires to be first among you shall be your bondservant (doúlos; slave), even as the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom (lýtron; literally, the purchasing-money to free a slave) for many.”
As they went out from Jericho, a great multitude followed him. Now there were two blind men sitting by the road, and when they heard that Jesus was passing by, shouted out, “Lord, have mercy on us, O son of David!” The multitude rebuked them, telling them that they should be quiet, but they shouted even louder, “Lord, have mercy on us, Son of David!”
Jesus stood still, called them, and asked, “What do you want me to do for you?”
They told him, “Lord, that our eyes may be opened.”
Then Jesus, being moved with compassion, touched their eyes; and immediately their eyes received their sight, and they followed him.
When they drew near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, “Go into the village that is in front of you, and as soon as you arrive you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them, and bring them to me. If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord of them needs them,’ and immediately he will send (apostéllō; to send) them.”
All this was done (ginomai: came into being, happened), that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying,
“Tell the daughter of Zion,
look, your King comes to you,
humble, and riding on a donkey,
on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.” (Zechariah 9:9)
The disciples went, and did just as Jesus directed them, and brought the donkey and the colt, and laid their cloaks on them; and he sat on them. A very great multitude spread their clothes (himátion; an outer garment, a cloak, robe) on the road. Others cut branches from the trees, and spread them on the road. The multitudes who went before him, and who followed kept shouting, “Hosanna (hōsanná – is a transliteration of the Hebrew words - yasha; to deliver or save, and na; please, beg, pray, now - hôsî-âh-nā, and therefore means: "please deliver us”, or “save now” - a cry for help) son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna (Salvation) is in the most high!” (Psalm 118:26)
When he had come into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred up, saying, “Who is this?” The multitudes said, “This is the prophet, Jesus, the one from Nazareth of Galilee.”
When Jesus entered into the temple (hierón; a sacred place, holy, set apart), he drove out all of those selling and buying in the temple, and overturned the money changers’ tables and the seats of those who sold the doves. He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ (Isaiah 56:7) but you have made it a den of robbers!” (Jeremiah 7:11)
The blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them. But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children who were crying aloud in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to (salvation is from) the son of David!” they were indignant (angry, incensed), and said to him, “Do you hear what these are saying?”
Jesus said to them, “Yes. Did you never read, ‘Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babies you have perfected praise?’” (Psalm 8:2)
He left them, and went out of the city to Bethany (about 3 km or 2 miles away), and passed the night there. Now in the morning, as he returned to the city, he was hungry. Seeing a fig tree by the road, he came to it, and found nothing on it but leaves. Then He said to it, “Let there be no more fruit from you forever!”
Immediately the fig tree withered away. When the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, “How did the fig tree wither away (dry up) so quickly?”
Jesus answered them, “Most certainly I tell you, if you have faith (pístis; belief, trust, confidence), and don’t doubt (hesitate, waver), you will not only do what was done to the fig tree, but even if you told this mountain, ‘Be taken up and be cast into the sea,’ it would happen. All things, however great, whatever you ask in prayer, believing (pisteúō; have faith in), you will receive.”
When he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders (presbýteros; mature men) of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, “By what authority do you do these things? And who gave you this authority?”
Jesus answered them saying, “I also will ask you one question, which if you tell me, I likewise will tell you by what authority I do these things. The baptism of John, where was it (its authority) from? From heaven or from men?”
They reasoned with themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will ask us, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ But if we say, ‘From men,’ we fear the crowds, for all hold John as a prophet.” They answered Jesus, and said, “We don’t know.”
He also said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things. But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first, and said, ‘Son, go work today in my vineyard.’ He answered, ‘Sir, I will not,’ but afterward he changed his mind (repented), and went. He came to the second, and said the same thing. And he answered saying, ‘I go, sir,’ but he didn’t go. Which of the two did the will of his father?”
They said to him, “The first.”
Jesus said to them, “Most certainly I tell you that the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering into the Kingdom of God before you. For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you didn’t believe (pisteúō; have faith in) him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him. When you witnessed it, you didn’t even repent (change your mind) afterward, that you might believe him.
“Hear then another parable. There was a man who was a master of a household, who planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a wine press in it, built a tower (a fortified structure rising to a considerable height, built to repel a hostile attack or to enable a watchman to see in every direction), gave it out to farmers (husbandmen, vinedressers), and went travelling abroad. Now when the season for the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers, to receive (fetch) his fruit. But the farmers took his servants, beat one, killed another, and stoned another. Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they treated them the same way. But afterward he sent to them his son, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and seize his inheritance.’ So they took him, and threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. When therefore the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?”
They told him, “He will grievously destroy those wretched men, and will lease out the vineyard to other farmers, who will give him the fruit in its season.”
Jesus said to them, “Did you never read in the Scriptures,
‘The stone which the builders rejected,
the same was made the head of the corner.
This was from the Lord.
It is marvellous in our eyes?’ (Psalm 118:22-23)
“Therefore I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and will be given to a nation (éthnos; a foreign race, heathens, gentiles) who will give forth its fruit. He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whomever it will fall, it will scatter him like crushed powder.”
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke about them. But when they sought to seize him, they feared the multitudes, because they considered him to be a prophet. 1
Jesus answered and spoke to them once more in parables (parabolḗ; a fictitious story put alongside the truth being taught) saying, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king, who prepared a wedding feast for his son, and sent out his servants to call those who were invited (called, named) to the wedding feast, but they did not desire to come. So he sent out other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited (called, named), “Look, I have prepared my dinner. My oxen and my fatlings (fattened livestock) have been killed, and everything is ready. Come here to the wedding feast!”’ But they disregarded (ameléō; paid no attention to, ignored) them, and went their ways, one to his own farm (agros; field, farm, piece of land), another to his business (trade), and the rest grabbed his servants, and violently mistreated them, and killed them. When the king heard that, he was provoked to anger, and sent his army (a company of soldiers), and they utterly destroyed those murderers, and burned their city.
“Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding celebrations are ready, but those who were invited (called) weren’t worthy (deserving). Go therefore to the intersections of the highways (a meeting-place of roads, a public spot in a city), and as many as you may find, invite to the wedding feast.’ Those servants then went out into the highways, and gathered together as many as they found, both evil and good. And the wedding hall was filled with guests. But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man who didn’t have on wedding clothing, and he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you enter here not wearing wedding clothing?’ And he was speechless. Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and throw him into the outer darkness; there will weeping (klauthmós; wailing, to grieve audibly) and grinding of teeth will be.’ For many are called, but few chosen.”
Then the Pharisees went and took counsel on how they might entrap him in his talk. They sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians (partisans of Herod ), saying, “Teacher, we know that you are true, and truly teach the way of God, for no matter whom you teach, you aren’t partial to anyone (or, the appearances of men). Tell us therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”
But Jesus knew of their wickedness, and said, “Why do you try to trap me, you hypocrites? Show me the tax money.”
They brought to him a denarius (a small Roman silver coin).
He asked them, “Whose is this image and inscription?”
They said to him, “Caesar’s.”
Then he said to them, “Give therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”
When they heard it, they marvelled, and left him, and went away.
On that day Sadducees - those who say that there is no resurrection - came to him. They questioned him, saying, “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up offspring for his brother.’ Now there were with us seven brothers. The first married and died, and having no offspring left his wife to his brother. In the same way, the second also, and the third, to the seventh. After them all, the woman died. In the resurrection therefore, whose wife will she be of the seven? For they all had her.”
But Jesus answered them, “You have wandered from the truth not knowing the Scriptures (graphé; a writing, scripture), nor the power (ability) of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage (betroth, formally engage someone to be married), but are like God’s angels in heaven. But concerning the resurrection of the dead, haven’t you read that which was spoken to you by God, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?’ (Exodus 3:6) God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.”
When the multitudes heard it, they were astonished at his teaching. But the Pharisees, when they heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, gathered themselves together in like manner. Then one of them, an expert in the law, asked him a question, testing him. “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the law?”
Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ (Deuteronomy 6:5) This is the first and great commandment. The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself.’ (Leviticus 19:18) The whole law and the prophets hang on these two commandments.”
Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, saying, “What do you think about the Christ (Messiah)? Whose son is he?”
They said to him, “Of David.”
So he said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call him Lord, saying,
‘The Lord said to my Lord,
sit on my right hand,
until I make your enemies a footstool for (beneath) your feet?’ (Psalm 110:1)
“If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?”
No one was able to answer him a word, neither did anyone dare to ask him any more questions from that day onward.
Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, saying, “The Scribes and the Pharisees have sat down on Moses’ seat. So all things therefore whatever they tell you to observe, observe and do, but don’t do their works; for they say, but don’t do. For they tie up heavy burdens (loads) that are difficult to carry, and put them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves are not willing lift a finger to help them. For all of their works they do to be seen by men. They make their phylacteries broad, (phylacteries - tefillin in Hebrew are small leather pouches that some Jewish men wear on their forehead or upper left arm in prayer. They contain four key passages of Scripture - Exodus 13:1-10, 11-16 and Deuteronomy 6:4-9, 13-21) enlarge the fringes (kráspedon; conspicuously large tassels, or hem) of their garments, and love the place of honour at feasts (deipnon: dinner, supper, the evening meal), the best seats (the front row) in the synagogues, the salutations (greetings) in the marketplaces, and to be called ‘Rabbi, Rabbi’ (great one, teacher, master) by men. But don’t you be called ‘Rabbi,’ for one is your teacher, and all of you are brothers. Also call no man on the earth your father, for one is your Father, who is in heaven. Neither be called masters (kathégétés; teachers, leaders), for one is your master, the Christ (Messiah, anointed one, God’s Saviour). But he who is greatest among you will be your servant (diákonos; deacon). Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.
“Woe (οὐαί; an expression of grief or of denunciation) to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites (pretenders or two-faced people)! For you devour (forcibly appropriate, squander, waste) widows’ houses, and as a pretence (for appearance's sake) you make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation (kríma; judgment, adverse verdict).
“But woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you shut up the Kingdom of Heaven before men; for you don’t enter in yourselves, neither do you allow those who are at the entrance in to go in. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel around by sea and land to make one proselyte (convert, disciple); and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much of a son of Gehenna (géenna; a transliteration of the Hebrew term, Gêhinnōm, "the valley of Hinnom", a place where fires burned continuously to consume waste. Used figuratively to refer to hell, also referred to as the "lake of fire" in Revelation) as yourselves.
“Woe to you, you blind guides (leaders, instructors, teachers), who say, ‘Whoever swears (takes an oath, or promises with an oath) by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath.’ You blind fools (móros: dull, stupid - the root of the english word; moron)! For which is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the gold? Also, ‘Whoever swears by the altar (a raised platform to offer sacrifices on), it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is bound by his oath?’ You blind fools! For which is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift? He therefore who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by everything on it. He who swears by the temple, swears by it, and by the One who lives in it. He who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by the One who sits on it.
“Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe (take off a tenth part) mint, dill, and cumin, (cumin is an aromatic seed from cuminum cyminum, resembling caraway in flavor and appearance) but have neglected the weightier matters of the law like justice, mercy, and faith. But you ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone. You blind guides (leader, instructor, teacher), who strain out a gnat, and swallow a camel!
“Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but within they are full of plunder (goods taken unlawfully, greed) and unrighteousness (self-indulgence). Blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and of the dish, so that its outside may become clean also.
“Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you resemble whitewashed tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but inside they are full of dead men’s bones, and of all uncleanness (impurities). Outwardly you also appear righteous (innocent, holy) to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy (deceit) and iniquity (anomía; lawlessness).
“Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and decorate the monuments of the righteous, and say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the bloodshed of the prophets.’ Therefore you bear witness against yourselves that you are the descendants of those who murdered the prophets and you fill up, then, the measure (portion) of your fathers. You serpents, you offspring of vipers (children of satan), how will you escape the judgement of Gehenna (sentence of hell)? Therefore, because of this, I am going to send to you prophets, wise men, and scribes. Some of them you will kill and crucify; and some of them you will flog in your synagogues, and persecute (diṓkō; chase like a hunter) from city to city; that on you may come all the righteous (innocent) blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the son of Berekiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. Most certainly (amēn) I tell you, all these things will come upon this generation.
“Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets, and stones those who are sent to her! How often I would have gathered your children (descendants) together, even as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! Look, your house is left to you desolate (deserted, abandoned). For I tell you, you will not see me from now on, until you say, ‘Blessed (happy, spoken well of) is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!’” (Psalm 118:26)
Jesus went out from the temple, and was about to go on his way when His disciples came to him to point out the buildings of the temple. But he answered them, “You see all of these things, don’t you? Most certainly (amēn) I tell you, there will not be left here one stone on another, that will not be thrown down.”
Later as he sat on the Mount of Olives (a mountain ridge east of and adjacent to Jerusalem's Old City and so named for the olive groves that once covered its slopes), the disciples came to him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be? What is the sign of your coming, and of the end (completion) of the age?”
Jesus answered them, “Take heed that no one leads you astray (deceives you). For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am the Christ (Messiah, Saviour),’ and will lead many astray. You will hear of wars and rumours (reports) of wars. See that you aren’t troubled (alarmed, frightened), for it is necessary (inevitable) that all this must happen, but the end is not yet. For nation (éthnos; race) will rise against nation (éthnos; race), and kingdom against kingdom; and there will be famines (a scarcity of food, hunger), plagues (infectious, epidemic diseases), and earthquakes in various places. Now all these things are the commencement of birth pains. Then they will deliver you up to persecution, and will kill you. You will be hated (detested) by all of the nations because of my name. Then many will set traps to deliver up one another, and will betray and hate each other. Many false prophets will arise, and will lead many astray (or deceive many). Because iniquity (anomía; lawlessness, disobedience, sin) will be increased, the love of many will grow cold. But he who endures (perseveres) to the end, the same will be saved (rescued). This Good News (euaggélion - the Gospel) of the Kingdom will be preached (proclaim as a herald) in the whole world for a testimony (witness) to all the nations, and then the end will come.
“When, therefore, you see the abomination (detestable thing) of desolation, (Daniel 9:27; 11:31; 12:11) which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, set up in the holy place (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee (escape) to the mountains. Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take out things that are in his house. Let him who is in the field not return back to get his clothes. Woe to those who are with child (pregnant) and to those with nursing infants in those days! Pray therefor that your flight will not be in the winter, nor on a Sabbath (the seventh day of the week), for then there will be great oppression (persecution, affliction), such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, nor ever will be. And if those days had not been cut short, no flesh would have been saved. But for the sake of the chosen ones, those days will be cut short.
“Then if anyone tells you, ‘Look, here is the Christ (Messiah, Saviour),’ or, ‘There,’ don’t believe it. For there will arise false christs, and false prophets, and they will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray (deceive), if possible, even the chosen ones.
“Behold, I have told you beforehand. If therefore they tell you, ‘Look, he is in the wilderness,’ don’t go out; or ‘See, he is in the inner rooms,’ don’t believe it. For as the light comes from the east, and shines as far as the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. For wherever the carcasses (dead bodies) are, that is where the vultures (aetos; an eagle, bird of prey) gather together. But immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun will be darkened (from skotos; to obscure), the moon will not give its light, the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken; (Isaiah 13:10; 34:4) and then the sign of the Son of Man will brighten (phanēsetai; shine, appear) the sky. Then all the tribes of the earth will lament (wail, moan, cry), when they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. Then He will send out his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together his chosen ones (elect) from the four winds and from one end of the heavens to the other.
“Now from the fig tree learn this parable. When its branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near. So you also, when you see all these things, know that He (eimi; I exist, I am) is near, even at the doors. Most certainly I tell you, this generation will not pass away, until all these things have taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. Even so, no one knows of that day and hour, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son but my Father only.
“Just as the days of Noah were, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. For as in those days which were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ship, and they didn’t know until the flood came, and took them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and one will be left behind (sent away); two women will be grinding at the millstone, one will be taken and one will be left behind (sent away). Watch (grégoreó: be awake, be vigilant, be alert) therefore, for you don’t know in what hour your Lord will arrive (return). But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what time of the night the thief was coming, he would have watched (been vigilant), and would not have allowed his house to be broken into. So also you must be ready, for in an hour that you don’t expect, the Son of Man will come.
“Who then is the faithful (trustworthy, believing) and wise servant, whom his lord has set over his household, to give them their food at the right time? Blessed is that servant whom his lord finds doing so when he comes. Truly I tell you that he will set him over all that he has. But if that evil servant should say in his heart, ‘My lord is delaying his coming,’ and begins to beat his fellow servants, and eat and drink with the drunkards, the lord of that servant will come in a day when he doesn’t expect it, and in an hour that he doesn’t know, and will cut him in pieces, and appoint his portion with the hypocrites. There is where the weeping (klauthmós; lamentation, crying, grieve audibly) and grinding of teeth will be.
“At that time the Kingdom of Heaven will be likened to ten virgins, who took their lamps, and went out to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. Those who were foolish (móros: dull, stupid, without forethought), when they took their lamps, took no oil (élaion – olive oil) with them, but the wise took (olive) oil in their vessels with their lamps. Now while the bridegroom delayed, they all became drowsy and slept. But in the middle of the night there was a cry, ‘Look! The bridegroom! Go out to meet him!’ Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps. (The end of the wick of an oil lamp needs to be cut off periodically to avoid having it become clogged with carbon deposits. The wick height is also adjusted so that the flame burns evenly and gives good light without producing a lot of smoke) Then the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise answered, saying, ‘No, in case there isn’t enough for us and you. You go rather to those who sell, and buy for yourselves.’ But while they went away to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready (prepared) went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut. Afterward the other virgins also came, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open up for us.’ But he answered, ‘Truly (amēn) I tell you, I don’t know you.’ Watch (be alert, vigilant) therefore, for you don’t know the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming.
“For it is like a man, going into another country, who called his own servants, and entrusted his goods to them. To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one; to each according to his own ability. Then he went on his journey. Immediately he who received the five talents went and traded (worked) with them, and made another five talents. In the same way, he also who got the two gained another two. But he who received the one went away and dug in the earth, and hid his lord’s money (silver).
(a talent was weighed silver and worth about 6,000 denarii. A denarius was the usual payment for a day's labour. At one denarius per day, a single talent was therefore worth 16 years of labour)
“Now after a long time the lord of those servants came, and settled accounts with them. He who received the five talents came and brought another five talents, saying, ‘Lord, you delivered to me five talents. Look, I have gained another five talents besides them.’
“His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy (xará; joy, gladness, cheer) of your lord.’
“He also who got the two talents came and said, ‘Lord, you delivered to me two talents. Behold, I have gained another two talents besides them.’
“His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’
“He also who had received the one talent came and said, ‘Lord, I knew you that you are a hard (stubborn, unyielding) man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter. I was afraid, and went away and hid your talent in the earth. Look, have back what is yours.’
“But his lord answered him, ‘You wicked and lazy servant. You knew that I reap where I didn’t sow, and gather where I didn’t scatter. You ought therefore to have deposited my money with the bankers, and at my coming I should have received back my own with interest. Take away therefore the talent from him, and give it to him who has the ten talents. For to everyone who has will be given, and he will have abundance, but from him who doesn’t have, even that which he has will be taken away. Throw out the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping (lamentation) and grinding of teeth.’
“But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory. Before him all the nations (ethnos: a race, people) will be gathered, and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. He will set the sheep on his right hand, and the goats on the left. Then the King will tell those on his right hand, ‘Come, blessed of my Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the foundation (katabolḗ; foundation-plan) of the world (kósmos; orderly arrangement); for I was hungry, and you gave me to eat. I was thirsty, and you gave me drink. I was a stranger (xenos: foreigner), and you took me in. I was naked (gumnos: poorly clothed), and you clothed me. I was sick, and you visited me. I was in prison, and you came to me.’
“Then the righteous will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry, and feed you; or thirsty, and give you a drink? When did we see you as a stranger, and take you in; or naked, and clothe you? When did we see you sick, or in prison, and come to you?’
“The King will answer them, ‘Most certainly I tell you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, (adelphos; the word for “brothers” here may be also correctly translated “brothers and sisters” or “siblings.”) you did it to me.’ Then he will say also to those on the left hand, ‘Go from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels; for I was hungry, and you didn’t give me anything to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me no drink; I was a stranger, and you didn’t take me in; naked, and you didn’t clothe me; sick, and in prison, and you didn’t visit me.’
“Then they will also answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and didn’t help you?’
“Then he will answer them, saying, ‘Most certainly I tell you, inasmuch as you didn’t do it to one of the least of these, you didn’t do it to me.’ These will go away into eternal punishment (kólasis; torment), but the righteous into life eternal.”
It happened, when Jesus had finished all these words, that he said to his disciples, “You know that after two days the festival of the passover (pesach; Passover. It marks the Exodus of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery, when God "passed over" the houses of the Israelites during the last of the ten plagues) takes place, and the Son of Man will be handed over (betrayed) to be crucified.”
Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders (presbýteros; mature men) of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, who is called Caiaphas. They took counsel together how they might take Jesus by deceit, and kill him. But they said, “But not during the festival, so that there won’t be a riot among the people.”
Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, a woman came to him having an alabaster jar (Alabaster is a white mineral or rock that is soft and often used for carving) of very expensive ointment (mýron; an fragrant ointment, or annointing oil, made of olive oil), and she poured it on his head as he was reclining at the table. But when his disciples saw this, they were indignant (aganakteó; to be greatly displeased), saying, “Why this waste? For this could have been sold for much, and given to the poor.”
However, knowing this, Jesus said to them, “Why do you trouble the woman? For she has done a good thing to me. You will always have the poor with you; but you don’t always have me. For in pouring this fragrant oil on my body, she did it to prepare me for burial. Truly I tell you, wherever this Good News (the Gospel) is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be spoken of as a memorial of her.”
Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests, and said, “What are you willing to give me, that I should deliver him to you?” They weighed out for him thirty pieces of silver (argyria; silver coins - about 14 grams and worth about USD $200). From that time he sought an opportunity to betray him.
Now on the first day of unleavened bread (the passover feast), the disciples came to Jesus, saying to him, “Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?”
He said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and tell him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is near. I will keep the Passover at your house with you and my disciples.”’”
The disciples did as Jesus directed them, and they prepared the Passover. Now when evening had come, he was reclining at the table with the twelve disciples. And as they were eating, he said, “Most certainly (amēn) I tell you that one of you will betray me.”
They were exceedingly sorrowful, and each began to ask him, saying, “It isn’t me, is it, Lord?”
He answered, “He who dips (embaptó: to dip, immerse, baptise) his hand with me in the dish, he will betray me. Indeed the Son of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for him if he had not been born.”
Judas, who betrayed him, asked, “It isn’t me, is it, Rabbi (rhabbi: my master, my teacher)?”
He said to him, “So you say.”
Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks for it, and broke it. And giving to the disciples, He said, “Take, eat; this is my body.” He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “All of you drink of it, for this is my blood of the new covenant (diathéké: testament, will, contract), which is poured out (ekcheo; shed, spilled) for many for the complete forgiveness of sins. But I tell you that I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day when I drink it anew with you in my Father’s Kingdom.” After they had sung a hymn of praise, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
2Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of me tonight, for it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ (Zechariah 13:7) But after I am raised up, I will go before you into Galilee (the northern region of Palestine).”
But Peter answered him, “Even if all will be made to stumble because of you, I will never be made to stumble.”
Jesus said to him, “Truly I tell you that tonight, before the rooster crows, you will deny (aparnéomai; disown) me three times.”
Peter said to him, “Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you.” All of the disciples also said likewise.
Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane (a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem), and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go over there to pray.” He took Peter and the two sons of Zebedee (James and John) with him, and began to be exceedingly sorrowful and deeply distressed. Then he said to them, “My soul is engulfed in sorrow until death. Stay here, and watch (to be awake, alert, vigilant) with me.”
He went forward a little, fell on his face (prostrated himself), and prayed, saying, “My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not what I will (theló: to will, wish, desire), but what you will (theló: to will, wish, desire).”
When He went back to the disciples, He found them sleeping, and he said to Peter, “What, couldn’t you watch (stay awake) with me for one hour? Watch (be vigilant) and pray, that you don’t enter into temptation (peirasmos; a trial, testing). The spirit is indeed willing, but the flesh is weak.”
Again, a second time he went away, and prayed, saying, “My Father, if this cup can’t pass away from me unless I drink it, may your will (thélēma - from thélō; will, wishes, desires) be done.” He came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. He left them again, went away, and prayed a third time, saying the same words again. Then he came to his disciples, and said to them, “Sleep later on, and take your rest. For look, the hour has drawn near, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Get up and let’s be going. Look, he who betrays me is approaching.”
While he was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great crowd with swords (máχaira; a short sword or dagger) and wooden clubs sent from the chief priest and elders of the people. Now he who betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, “Whoever I kiss, he is the one. Seize him.” So as soon as he came to Jesus, he said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” and kissed him.
Jesus said to him, “Friend, why are you here?” Then they came and laid hands on Jesus, and forcefully seized him. Behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck the servant of the high priest cutting off his ear. Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place, for all those who take the sword will die by the sword. Or do you think that I couldn’t ask my Father, and he would send me more than twelve legions of (more than 72,000) angels right now? How then would the Scriptures be fulfilled which foretell that it must be like this?”
In that hour Jesus said to the crowd, “Have you come out as against a robber with swords and clubs to seize me? Every day I sat in the temple teaching, and you didn’t arrest me. But all this has happened, so that the written words of the prophets might be fulfilled.”
Then all the disciples abandoned him, and ran away. Those who had taken Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together. And Peter followed him from a distance, even to the court of the high priest, and having entered in he sat with the servants to see the outcome. Now the chief priests, and the whole council searched for false testimony against Jesus, that they might put him to death; but they found none even though many false witnesses came forward. Then, at last two false witnesses came forward, and said, “He has been saying, ‘destroy the temple of God and I can rebuild it in three days.’”
The high priest stood up, and said to him, “Have you no answer? What is this that these testify against you?” But Jesus kept silent and the high priest said to him, “I adjure you (eksorkízō; to put someone under a strict oath) by the living God, to say whether you are the Christ, the Son of God.”
Jesus said to him, “You have said it. But I tell you, after this you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
Then the high priest tore his tunic (himátion; a long flowing outer garment), saying, “He has spoken blasphemy (to speak irreverently about God or sacred things)! Why do we need any more witnesses? See, now you have heard the blasphemy. What do you think?”
They answered saying, “He is worthy of death!” Then they spat in his face and struck him with their fists, and some slapped him, saying, “Prophesy to us Messiah! Who hit you?”
Now Peter was sitting outside in the court, and a maidservant came to him, saying, “You were also with Jesus, the Galilean!”
But he denied it before them all, saying, “I don’t know what you are talking about.”
When he had gone out to the gateway, someone else saw him, and said to those who were there, “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.”
And again he denied it with an oath, “I don’t know the man.”
After a little while those who stood by came and said to Peter, “Surely you are also one of them, for your manner of speech (dialect) gives you away.”
Then he began to curse vehemently and to swear (promise with an oath), “I don’t know the man!”
At once the rooster crowed and Peter remembered the word which Jesus had said to him, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times.” Then he went out and wept bitterly (eklausen: To mourn, lament, sob, wail aloud, uncontainable audible grief).
Now when morning had come, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus in order that they might kill him. Then they bound him, and leading him away they took him to Pontius Pilate, the provincial governor. Then Judas, who betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, felt remorse (metaméllomai; to regret, repent, change of mind), and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, “I have sinned in that I have betrayed innocent blood.”
But they said, “Look, what is that to us? ”
Then he threw down the pieces of silver in the temple sanctuary, and departed. He went away and hanged himself. The chief priests took the pieces of silver, and said, “It’s not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood.” They took counsel, and bought the potter’s field with them, to bury strangers in. Therefore that field is called “The Field of Blood” to this day. Then that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
“They took the thirty pieces of silver,
the price of him upon whom a price had been set,
whom the sons of Israel priced,
and they gave them for the potter’s field,
as the Lord commanded me.” (Zechariah 11:12-13; Jeremiah 19:1-13; 32:-9)
Now Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, “Are you the King of the Jews?”
Jesus said to him, “So you say.”
And when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. Then Pilate said to him, “Don’t you hear how many things they testify against you?”
But he gave him no answer, not even one word, so that the governor marvelled greatly. Now at the festival the governor was accustomed to release to the multitude one prisoner, whomever they desired. They had then a notable prisoner, called Jesus Barabbas. When therefore they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, “Whom do you want me to release to you? Jesus Barabbas, or Jesus, who is called Christ (the Messiah, the Saviour of God)?” For he knew that because of jealous envy they had delivered him up.
While he was sitting on the judgement seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.” Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes to ask for Barabbas, and to kill Jesus. Then the governor said to them, “Which of the two do you want me to release to you?”
They said, “Barabbas!”
Pilate said to them, “What then shall I do to Jesus, who is called Christ?”
They all said to him, “Let him be crucified!”
But the governor said, “Why? What evil has he done?”
But they kept shouting even more vehemently, crying, “Let him be crucified!”
So when Pilate saw that nothing was being gained, but rather that a riot was starting, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, “I am innocent of his blood. You see to it yourselves.”
All the people answered, “May his blood be on us, and on our children!”
Then he released to them Barabbas, but Jesus he flogged and handed him over to be crucified. Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium (praitórion; official residence of a Roman governor), and gathered the whole garrison (a body of troops stationed in a fortified place, a military stronghold, the tenth part of a legion, about 600 men) together against him. They stripped him, and put a scarlet cloak on him and having twisted together a crown of thorns they put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand; and they kneeled down before him, and mocked (ridiculed, derided) him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” They spat on him, and took the reed and struck him on the head. After they had mocked him they took the cloak off of him, and put his own clothes back on. Then they led him away to crucify him.
As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene (a city located in northern Africa in eastern Libya, near present-day Shahhat), Simon by name, and they compelled him to go with them, that he might carry his cross. They came to a place called “Golgotha,” that is to say, “The place of a skull.” (a small rounded hill outside the wall of Jerusalem) They gave him sour wine to drink mixed with gall.
(The word gall most often refers to a bitter-tasting substance made of a plant such as wormwood or myrrh. Mark 15:23 specifies that the bitterness in the wine was due to the presence of myrrh. Wine mixed with bitter herbs or myrrh created a potion that dulled the sense of pain. The mixture of sour wine and gall was often given to the suffering to ease their pain in death.)
But when he had tasted it, he would not drink. When they had crucified him, they divided his clothing among them, casting lots, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet: ‘They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing (himátion; a long flowing outer garment, tunic) they cast lots;’ (Psalm 22:18 and John 19:24) and staying there to guard him they set up over his head the accusation against him written as, “THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
There were two robbers crucified with him at the same time, one on his right hand and one on the left. Now those who passed by ridiculed him, wagging their heads, and saying, “You who can destroy the temple, and rebuild it in three days, save yourself! If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross!”
In like manner also the chief priests were mocking, along with the Scribes, the Pharisees, and the elders. They said, “He saved others, but he can’t save himself. He is the King of Israel, so let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in him. He trusts in God. Let God deliver him now, if he wants him; for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’” And likewise even the robbers who were crucified with him, cast on him the same reproach.
Now from the sixth hour (noon) there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. (3 pm) Then about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, (ēlí; a transliteration of the Hebrew noun Ēl - "God", with the suffix (ī) which means "my"; Eli - "my God") lama (why) sabachthani (a cry of distress - you have left me alone. From Hebrew shebaq: to leave, let alone)?” That is, “My God, my God, why have you left me alone?” (Psalm 22:1)
Some of them who stood there, when they heard it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.”
Immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar (óksos; sour wine mixed with water, a common drink of Roman soldiers), and put it on a reed, and gave him a drink. The rest said, “Let him be. Let’s see whether Elijah comes to save him.” Another however took up a spear and pierced his side, out of which flowed water and blood.
Then Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up his spirit. Look, the veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom. The earth quaked and the rocks were split. The tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection, they entered into the holy (hágios; set apart, sacred) city and appeared to many. Now the centurion (Captain of 100 in the Roman Army), and those who were with him watching Jesus, when they experienced the earthquake, and the things that were going on, feared exceedingly, saying, “Surely this was the Son of God.”
There were many women watching from afar, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, serving him. Among them were Mary the Magdalene (from Magdala, a place on the coast of the Sea of Galilee near Tiberias), Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee. When evening had come, a rich man from Arimathaea (a place in Palestine), named Joseph, who himself was also a disciple of Jesus went to Pilate, and asked for Jesus’ body. Then Pilate ordered the body to be given up. Joseph took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut out in the rock, and then he rolled a huge stone over to cover the door of the tomb, and went away. Mary Magdalene was there with the other Mary, sitting opposite the tomb. Now on the next day, which was the day after the Preparation Day (for the passover festival), the chief priests and the Pharisees were gathered together before Pilate, saying, “Sir, we remember what that deceiver said while he was still alive: ‘After three days I will rise again.’ Command therefore that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest perhaps his disciples come at night and steal him away, and tell the people, ‘He is risen from the dead;’ and the last deception will be worse than the first.”
Pilate said to them, “You can have a guard. Go, make it as secure as you can.” So they went with the guard and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone.
Now after the Sabbath, with dawn approaching on the first day of the week (Sunday), Mary the Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled away the stone from the door, and sat on it. His appearance was like the brightness of lightning, and his clothing white (bright) as snow. Now for fear of him, the guards shook, and became like dead men. The angel said to the women, “Don’t be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus, who has been crucified. He is not here, for he has risen, just like he said. Come, see the place where he was lying then go quickly and say to his disciples, ‘He has risen from the dead, and look, he goes before you into Galilee; there you will see him.’ See, I have told you.”
They quickly left the tomb with fear and great joy, and ran to tell his disciples. But as they went to tell his disciples, lo, Jesus met them, saying, “Greetings!”
They came and took hold of his feet, and worshipped him.
Then Jesus said to them, “Don’t be afraid. Go tell my brothers (adelphós; from the same womb. Therefore, “brothers and sisters” or “siblings.”) that they should go into Galilee, and there they will see me.”
Now while they were going, behold, some of the guards went into the city, and told the chief priests all the things that had just taken place. Now when they were assembled together with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave a large amount of silver pieces to the soldiers, saying, “Say that his disciples came by night, and stole him away while you were sleeping. And if this comes to the governor’s ears, we will pacify him and keep you out of trouble.” So they took the money and did as they were told. And this report was spread abroad among the Jews, even until this present day.
So the eleven disciples went into Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had sent them. And when they saw him, they bowed down to (worshipped) him, but some doubted (distázō; to shift between positions, vacillate, without confidence). Jesus came forward and spoke to them, saying, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations (éthnos; race, people, culture, gentiles), baptising (immersing) them into the name (ónoma; reputation, character, fame) of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe (keep) all things that I commanded you. Behold, I am with you every day, even to the end of the age.” Amen. (The word ‘amen’, meaning "so be it", is a word of Hebrew origin.)